Wart is a skin growth caused by some types of the virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV). Moles occur when cells in the skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin. These cells are called melanocytes, and they make the pigment that gives skin its natural color. Moles may darken after exposure to the sun. Skin Tag is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk. Skin tags are not dangerous. They are usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts or in the groin area.
Most of us have bumpy, itchy, scaly, or red skin at some point in our lives. something your body thinks is dangerous, called an allergen. Your immune system overreacts, and releases antibodies to fight off these “invaders.” That fight triggers symptoms like a rash or swelling.
Melasma is characterized by brown or grayish patches. It is commonly located under the eyes, cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, chin. The factors that trigger darkened skin are sun exposure, genetic predisposition, and pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy. Freckles are dark spots are described as flat, tanned multiple circular spots, and the size is usually the head of a common nail. Freckles are usually found in sun exposed areas of the skin. It is common among fair skinned people
Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.
Herpes simplex viruses more commonly known as herpes -- are categorized into two types: herpes type 1 (HSV-1, or oral herpes) and herpes type 2 (HSV-2, or genital herpes). Most commonly, herpes type 1 causes sores around the mouth and lips (sometimes called fever blisters or cold sores). HSV-1 can cause genital herpes but most cases of genital herpes are caused by herpes type 2. In HSV-2 the infected person may have sores around the genitals or rectum.
Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles which is where hair growth begins. Alopecia areata usually begins when clumps of hair fall out, resulting in totally smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp or other areas of the body. Hair loss or baldness is loss of hair from part of the head or body. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.
Urticaria is a true allergic reaction caused by a food, an animal, a medication, an insect sting, a chemical product or other sensitizing agent such as latex. urticaria is characterised by itchy swollen areas of many different sizes on the skin. The lesions are fleeting and don't leave a trace: the skin is not "sick". There is no subsequent desquamation unlike in contact allergic. When urticaria involves deeper tissues, one speaks of angioedema.
Both chicken pox and small pox are viral infections but small pox is often fatal. Chicken pox is caused by the Varicella Zoster virus which belongs to the Herpes virus family whereas small pox is caused by the Variola virus. Transmission of both is by droplet infection (sneezing and coughing in open) and by direct contact with a skin lesion of an infected person.
Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. The extent and rate of color loss from vitiligo is unpredictable. It can affect the skin on any part of your body. It may also affect hair and the inside of the mouth. Normally, the color of hair and skin is determined by melanin. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin.
Molluscum contagiosum (MC), sometimes called water warts is a viral infection of the skin that results in small, raised, pink lesions with a dimple in the center. They may occasionally be itchy or sore. They may occur singly or in groups. Any area of the skin may be affected, with abdomen, legs, arms, neck, genital area, and face being most common. Onset of the lesions is around 7 weeks after infection. It usually goes away within a year without scarring.
A sebaceous cyst is a term commonly used to refer to either:Epidermoid cysts termed epidermal cysts, infundibular cyst or Pilar cysts. Both of the above types of cyst contain keratin not sebum and neither originates from sebaceous glands. Epidermoid cysts originate in the epidermis and pilar cysts originate from hair follicles.
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edges or corners of a nail grow into the skin next to the nail. Ingrown toenails may be more common in people who have sweaty feet or thick toenails. If left untreated an ingrown toenail can cause an infection in the bone in your toe or lead to foot ulcers, open sores, and a loss of blood flow to the infected area.
Keloid also known as keloid disorder and keloidal scar is the formation of a type of scar which, depending on its maturity, is composed mainly of either type III (early) or type I (late) collagen. It is a result of an overgrowth of granulation tissue (collagen type 3) at the site of a healed skin injury which is then slowly replaced by collagen type 1. Keloids are firm, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules, and can vary from pink to the color of the person's skin or red to dark brown in color. A keloid scar is benign and not contagious, but sometimes accompanied by severe itchiness, pain, and changes in texture. In severe cases, it can affect movement of skin. Keloids should not be confused with hypertrophic scars which are raised scars that do not grow beyond the boundaries of the original wound.
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